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VERLAG ETHIK


The following are the standards of expected ethical behavior for all parties involved in publishing in „The Koszalin-Kolobrzeg Studies” journal: the author, the journal editor and editorial board, the peer reviewers and the publisher.

All the articles submitted for publication in “The Koszalin-Kolobrzeg” Studies are peer reviewed for authenticity, ethical issues and usefulness.

DUTIES OF AUTHORS

Authorship of the manuscript
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the report study. All those who have made contributions should be listed as co-authors. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included in the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Ghostwriting- und Guest-authorship-Vorbeugung
Redlichkeit und Zuverlässigkeit in der Wissenschaft stellt ein der ihrer Qualitätsfundamente dar. Die Leser sollen darauf vertrauen können, dass die Autoren der Publikationen auf transparente, redliche und ehrliche Art und Weise die Ergebnisse ihrer Arbeit unabhängig davon präsentieren, ob sie ihre unmittelbare Autoren sind oder die Hilfe eines spezialisierten Subjektes (einer natürlichen oder juristischen Person) in Anspruch nahmen. Den Nachweis der ethischen Haltung des wissenschaftlichen Mitarbeiters sowie der höchsten Redaktionsstandards soll die Öffentlichkeit der Informationen über Subjekte bilden, die zur Entstehung der Publikation (meritorischer, sachgerechter, finanzieller Beitrag usw.) beitragen, was ein Zeichen nicht nur der guten Sitten, sondern auch der gesellschaftlichen Verantwortung ist. Das Gegenbeispiel stellt Ghostwriting- und Guest-authorship-Vorbeugung dar. Mit ghostwriting haben wir dann zu tun, wenn jemand einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Entstehung der Publikation leistete, ohne seine Beteiligung als eines der Autoren zu offenbaren oder ohne seine Rolle in den in der Publikation angebrachten Danksagungen zu erwähnen. Mit guest authorship (honorary authorship) haben wir dann zu tun, wenn die Beteiligung des Autors gering ist oder wenn sie überhaupt nicht stattfand, und trotz dem er Autor/Mitautor der Publikation ist.
Um den Fällen ghostwriting oder guest authorship, entgegenzuwirken, führt die Redaktion der „Studia Koszali雟ko-Ko這brzeskie” folgende Regelungen einy:
   1. Die Autoren füllen bei der Anmeldung des Artikels die Erklärung über den Beitrag
     der einzelnen Autoren zur Entstehung der Publikation aus (unter Angabe ihrer
     Affiliation sowie ihres Beitrags, d.h. der Information darüber, wer Autor der
     Konzeption, der Voraussetzungen, der Methoden, des Protokolls usw. die bei der
     Vorbereitung der Publikationen beansprucht wurden), wobei die Hauptverantwortung
     der Autor trägt, der das Manuskript anmeldet.
   2. Die Redaktion bringt in den Informationen für Autoren dieses Dokument über die
     Ghostwriting-Vorbeugung an.
   3. Die Redaktion wird sämtliche Zeichen der wissenschaftlichen Unehrlichkeit,
     insbesondere der Verstösse und Verletzungen der Grundsätze der in der Wissenschaft
     geltenden Ethik dokumentieren.

Dem Text soll die Erklärung über die Originalität des Artikels (Ghostwriting Prevention) beigefügt werden. Ghostwriting-Vorbeugung ist ein bei der parametrischen Beurteilung der wissenschaftlichen Zeitschrift erforderliches Sicherungsverfahren, das die Originalität der wissenschaftlichen Publikationen gewährleistet. Die Leser dürfen keine Zweifel in bezug darauf haben, ob die Autoren die Ergebnisse ihrer wissenschaftlichen Arbeit präsentieren. Wenn sie die Hilfe eines spezialisierten Trägers (natürliche oder juristische Person) in Anspruch nahmen, müssen sie die Leser davon auf transparente Art und Weise in Kenntnis setzen (zum Beispiel durch entsprechende Verweise).

Standards for text submission
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. The paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. The fabrication of results and making of fraudulent or inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and may cause rejection or retraction of a manuscript or a published article.

Originality and plagiarism
Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others they need to be cited or quoted. Plagiarism and fraudulent data is not acceptable.

Data access retention
Authors may be asked to provide the raw data for editorial review, should be prepared to provide public access to such data, and should be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication of their paper.

Multiple or concurrent publication
Authors should not in general publish a manuscript describing essentially the same research in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgement of sources
The proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. The authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the scope of the reported work.

Fundamental errors in published works
When the author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.

Any violation of the abovementioned ethical principles is a reason for rejecting the article.


DUTIES OF EDITORS

Monitoring the ethical standards
Editorial board is monitoring the ethical standards of scientific publications and takes all possible measures against any publication malpractices.

Fair play
Submitted manuscripts are evaluated for their intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, citizenship, or political ideology.

Publication decisions
The editor is responsible for deciding which of the submitted articles should or should not be published. The decision to accept or reject a paper for publication is based on its importance, originality, clarity, and its relevance to the scope of the journal.

Confidentiality
The editor and the members of the editorial board must ensure that all materials submitted to the journal remain confidential while under review. They must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the authors, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.

Disclosure and conflict of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in the submitted manuscript must not be used by the editor and the editorial board in their own research without written consent of authors. Editors always precludes business needs from compromising intellectual and ethical standards.

Maintain the integrity of the academic record
The editors will guard the integrity of the published academic record by issuing corrections and retractions when needed and pursuing suspected or alleged research and publication misconduct. Plagiarism and fraudulent data is not acceptable. Editorial board always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.

Retractions of the articles
Journal editors will consider retracting a publication if:
- they have a clear evidence that the findings are unreliable, either as a result of misconduct (e.g. data fabrication) or honest error (e.g. miscalculation or experimental error),
- the findings have previously been published elsewhere without proper cross-referencing, permission or justification (cases of redundant publication), - it constitutes plagiarism or reports unethical research.
Notice of the retraction should be linked to the retracted article (by including the title and authors in the retraction heading), clearly identify the retracted article and state who is retracting the article. Retraction notices should always mention the reason(s) for retraction to distinguish honest error from misconduct. Retracted articles will not be removed from printed copies of the journal nor from electronic archives but their retracted status will be indicated as clearly as possible.


DUTIES OF REVIEWERS

Contribution to editorial decisions
Peer reviews assist the editor in making editorial decisions and may also help authors to improve their manuscript.

Promptness
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or knows that its timely review will be impossible should inform the editor about it..

Confidentiality
All manuscript received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to or discussed with others except those authorized by the editor.

Objectivism
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate. Referees should express their views clearly with appropriate supporting arguments.

Acknowledgement of sources
Reviewers should identify the relevant published work that has not been cited by authors. Any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper should be reported to the editor.

Disclosure and conflict of interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider evaluating manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relations with any of the authors, companies, or institutions involved in writing a paper.


Bescheinigung über Originalität des Artikels skk_oswiadczenie_autora_zapora_ghostwriting_ang.pdf
Stellungnahme des Autors skk_zaswiadczenie_autora_ang.pdf
Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) skk_cope_pol.pdf
Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE) skk_cope_eng.pdf


Ethical principles were developed on the basis of the recommendations of the COPE Committee on Publication Ethics contained in the Code of Conduct and Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors, COPE Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers and the elaborations of Best Practices in Review Procedures in Science.


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